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Identifying Best Fit Schools for Twice Exceptional Students
It is possible for students to be gifted and have a learning disability. This circumstance—being particularly advanced in some domains, while facing challenges in others—is called “twice exceptional,” or “2e” for short. Identifying this learning profile and finding the right school are important steps in paving the road for 2e students to succeed.
The conundrum inherent in serving these students effectively is that sometimes a learning difference depresses a giftedness, or giftedness masks a learning difference so that neither is validated and addressed. These exceptional students can therefore appear average. Some children can make conversation like “little professors,” rattling off facts and insights at a surprising rate—yet they struggle with the executive functioning skills needed to complete the projects, papers, and assessments that fill a school day. Others have impressive abilities for solving problems and thinking spatially—yet struggle to read and write. With 2e students, strengths and weaknesses come in a wide variety of combinations. If not well-informed in this area, adults may treat deficits as the consequences of poor motivation or behavioral issues. Twice exceptional children may become confused, frustrated, and anxious. Deep inside, they know they are bright, but they can’t effectively demonstrate learning. Negative feedback loops (which may be internal or external) develop when misunderstood 2e students consistently miss out on opportunities to shine or encounter disapproval due to poor academic performance.
The earlier parents and educators can identify 2e students, the better. Children of any age need to believe in themselves, and they can’t do that without caring adults who also believe in them. It is of critical importance that 2e students have opportunities to consistently engage in their area(s) of strength. Additionally, the sooner learning differences are diagnosed, the sooner children can access specialized services to offset their challenges. Along with improved academic success, honest and accepting exploration of strengths and weaknesses helps 2e students build the confidence and self-awareness they will need to advocate for themselves throughout their lives.
Choosing a best fit school for 2e students is vital to their success. In addition to providing appropriate challenge and support, the ideal school is one that invests in faculty professional development regarding these types of learners. Curricular flexibility is also important because 2e students often have asynchronous development. A 9th grader, for example, may be ready for pre-calculus, while having language skills that are on grade level. Small class sizes make it easier for teachers to tune into students’ individualized needs. And finally, look for a school where teachers truly enjoy mentoring students. Experienced educators can help 2e students navigate difficulties, take on challenges, and keep both in perspective.
When parents are considering schools, I recommend being open about the 2e learner’s needs. Doing so helps to assess the qualities described above, plus gain insights into how the school interacts with parents. If the school is a good fit, twice exceptional students can thrive even in the most rigorous academic environments. The key to their success is a strong collaboration between parents, faculty—and the students themselves.
Audrey Noyes Ludemann helps families seek independent school education, including day schools and boarding schools, from elementary to secondary grades. She also is an invaluable resource for addressing different learning styles—serving families whose students are gifted and/or have moderate learning differences. She can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org